Escitalopram belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). It may improve your energy level and feelings of well-being and decrease nervousness.
- Mechanism of action
- side effects
- Drug interactions
- Use in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Escitalopram is prescribed to treat major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and, in certain situations, obsessive-compulsive disorder. It should be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional, and individualized advice is essential. The medication is not intended for use in children under 12 years old
a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), works by inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin in the brain. This leads to increased levels of serotonin in the synaptic cleft, enhancing serotonergic transmission. The overall impact is an improvement in mood and a reduction in symptoms associated with conditions like major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. The exact mechanisms are complex and not fully understood, and individual responses can vary. Use of escitalopram should be under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
Common side effects of escitalopram include nausea, insomnia, drowsiness, headache, dry mouth, sweating, nervousness, sexual dysfunction, weight changes, gastrointestinal upset, fatigue, and dizziness. It's crucial to inform healthcare providers about any side effects, attend regular check-ups, and seek immediate medical attention if experiencing severe reactions or suicidal thoughts. Individual responses may vary
Escitalopram interactions include risks of serotonin syndrome with MAOIs, caution with other serotonergic drugs, increased bleeding risk with NSAIDs, potentiation of warfarin's effects, potential effects on metabolism with CYP2C19 inhibitors and inducers, increased escitalopram levels with CYP3A4 inhibitors, caution with lithium, and an elevated risk of seizures with electroconvulsive therapy. It's essential to inform healthcare providers about all medications for personalized advice and potential adjustments to regimens
Escitalopram warnings include the risk of suicidal thoughts, potential for serotonin syndrome with serotonergic medications, withdrawal symptoms upon abrupt discontinuation, cases of hyponatremia, increased bleeding risk, possible activation of manic or hypomanic episodes, potential for QT interval prolongation, rare but severe allergic reactions, and caution in individuals with angle-closure glaucoma. Users should be vigilant for symptoms and promptly report any concerns to their healthcare provider. Individualized medical advice is crucial.
during pregnancy requires a careful assessment of risks and benefits, with potential associations to adverse outcomes and neonatal adaptation syndrome. Breastfeeding while on escitalopram should be considered individually, weighing the mother's mental health and potential risks to the infant. Monitoring for adverse effects in breastfed infants is recommended. It's crucial to consult with a healthcare provider for personalized guidance, and making changes to medication without professional advice is not recommended